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Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve

The Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve (JMBR) is a unique melting pot of biodiversity and history, located in Kesrouan District. Jabal Moussa and its surrounding villages became part of the UNESCO Network of Biosphere Reserves under the Man and Biosphere (MAB) program in 2009. As part of the MAB program, JMBR addresses human livelihood improvement and nature conservation through participatory and adaptive management.
Although it is located in the midst of destructive human activities, JMBR remains pristine and rich in biodiversity. Its slopes are covered with dense forests and woodlands of oak, pine, and hop-hornbeam with a forest floor teaming with several rare and endemic plant species. It was designated a Global Important Bird Area (IBA), with more than 137 migratory and soaring bird species on record. Rare and endangered mammals, such as wolves, hyenas and rock hyraxes, still thrive in this protected environment.
Jabal Moussa has portrayed the interdependence between man and nature throughout history through various spiritual and archeological sites: Adonis Valley as the site of Adonis’ death according to Phoenician legend; Roman stairs along the mountain's southern slope; rock carvings by the Roman Emperor Hadrian; ruins of an old village isolated in the mountain; Mar Jeryes Monastery; and a Christian cross at the summit.
The Association for the Protection of Jabal Moussa (APJM) is a non-governmental, not-for-profit organization founded in 2007 with the aim of conserving the biodiversity and preserving the cultural heritage of Jabal Moussa and its surrounding villages.
Programs: APJM activities and projects fall into one of the three categories below:

  • Packages for guided hikes inside the reserve
  • Local guesthouses and B&B’s


  • Studies and scientific research projects
  • Three local tree nurseries supplying seedlings for reforestation
  • Degraded sites Rehabilitation
  • “Tabsoun Tabsoun” environmental awareness kids book
  • Flower and Tree Identification handbooks

Socio-economic development:

  • Production and marketing of Jabal Moussa food and artisanal products

The more people discover the beauty of this valuable mountain, the more they will care about it and protect it!
For more information on how to book your hiking trip to Jabal Moussa, visit the APJM website or its Facebook page “Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve,” send an email at, or call 09 643464 – 71 944405