Excavators discovered at the center of the city one of the most important hills in the Bekaa: an artificial mountain made of ancient residence stores that date from the Neolithic Era until the Persian period (6th and 5th centuries BC). The excavators unearthed structures of buildings, among which were defense systems, temples, palaces, houses, factories and tombs. Archeologists also found everyday objects such as pottery, jewelry and other luxury items, though perhaps the most important finds were documents written in cuneiform on clay tablets dating to the 14th century BC.
The hill is situated in a town called Kumidi, which was probably the head of an Egyptian colony in the area. At the entrance of town, there is a quarry which dates back to the 8th century. The sculptors who worked on building the site made it look aesthetically pleasing.