South Lebanon rolls back gently from the coast in broad swatches of rocky scrubland. Lower than the Mount Lebanon range to the north, and greener along the coast, the land is widely cultivated for citrus fruit, and bananas. The southern hinterland is home to extensive olive and apple groves, as well as almond and oak trees, much of it watered by the Qasimiyeh, the westward end of the Litani River which originates in the Bekaa. The region is positively stuffed with ancient castles, famous mosques, caves, temples, souks and beaches.
It is in the hills of the area that the most important archaeological sites of the Middle Ages era, both crusader and Islamic, among others, are found specifically in the towns of Chqif, Tebnine, Deir Kifa, Anan and Doubiye.
The region includes the heights of Mount Niha, which boasts the breathtaking Niha Fortress, part of the Chouf Reserve.
The most famous summer resorts of the south are Kfarhouna, Aramta , Jezzine, Roum , Bkassine, Jbaa, Jarjouh and Arab Salim. Further to the east stands the Mount Hermon, around which are the notable towns and villages of Hasbaya, Shebaa, Kfarchouba and Kfayr.
Southern Lebanon is awash in ancient ruins, beautiful rivers and waterfalls, forests and orchards and spellbinding vistas. It’s not to be missed.