South Lebanon

South Lebanon rolls back gently from the coast in broad swatches of rocky scrubland. Lower than the Mount Lebanon range to the north, and greener along the coast, the land is widely cultivated for citrus fruit, and bananas. The southern hinterland is home to extensive olive and apple groves, as well as almond and oak trees, much of it watered by the Qasimiyeh, the westward end of the Litani River which originates in the Bekaa. The region is positively stuffed with ancient castles, famous mosques, caves, temples, souks and beaches.

 

It is in the hills of the area that the most important archaeological sites of the Middle Ages era, both crusader and Islamic, among others, are found specifically in the towns of Chqif, Tebnine, Deir Kifa, Anan and Doubiye.


 

The region includes the heights of Mount Niha, which boasts the breathtaking Niha Fortress, part of the Chouf Reserve.

 

The most famous summer resorts of the south are Kfarhouna, Aramta , Jezzine, Roum , Bkassine, Jbaa, Jarjouh and Arab Salim. Further to the east stands the Mount Hermon, around which are the notable towns and villages of Hasbaya, Shebaa, Kfarchouba and Kfayr.


 

Southern Lebanon is awash in ancient ruins, beautiful rivers and waterfalls, forests and orchards and spellbinding vistas. It’s not to be missed. 

Ayyoubid Dynasty Byzantine Period Crusader Period Emirate Period French Mandate Greek Period Mamluk Period Ottoman Period Phoenician Period Roman Period Umayyad Period Autumn Spring Summer Winter Arts and Culture Ecotourism Entertainment Historical Tourism Religious tourism

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Things to do

Old Souks of Saida

Saida’s old town easily rivals its counterparts across the region. Extraordinarily well preserved, the cool, winding streets of the souk retain their...

Debbaneh Palace

This gorgeous 18th century house has all the classic elements of an aristocratic Arab-Ottoman home, with a generous, richly-ornamented central space...

Moussa Tiba Museum

A native of afflicted South Lebanon, Moussa Tiba was born in Qana in 1939. His studio was partially destroyed during the war in early 1975 and he was...

Sarcophagus of King Hiram I

On the borders between the villages of Ain Baal and Hanaway, there is a limestone sarcophagus traditionally ascribed to King Hiram I. Four meters...

Temple of Eshmun

The Temple of Eshmun is an ancient place of worship dedicated to Eshmun, the Phoenician god of healing and one of the most important divinities of...

Sarafand's Glass works

Just south of Saida, Sarafand was a port city, once known as Sarepta. It was here that the Phoenicians played a key role in developing the art of...

Al-Askari Mosque

One of the oldest mosques in the south, it was reportedly built in 800 A.D., and is composed of two sections, an old one and a newer. The old section...

The Saida War Cemetery

The Saida War Cemetery was opened in 1943 by units of British forces occupying Lebanon after the 1941 campaign. It was originally used for the burial...